What is Adipose Tissue Originated Stem Cell Therapy in Hair Loss?
Hair loss is a health problem that can affect both men and women psychologically as well as aesthetic effects. Although hair loss is mostly seen due to genetic factors, it can occur for many reasons such as a disease, vitamin and mineral deficiency, post-pregnancy, psychological problems, or the use of a drug or cosmetic product that causes shedding. Although there are various methods such as various drugs, mesotherapies, prp treatments, micro-needling from hair loss treatment, stromal vascular fraction (SVF) treatments containing adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells have also become one of the prominent applications recently.
Stem cells are precursor cells that are densely found in bone marrow, cord blood and adipose tissue, capable of transforming into any type of cell in the body and dividing in large numbers and rapidly. In recent years, it has been used in various fields such as bone and joint disorders, wound healing, burn treatment, together with medical aesthetic applications, and positive results have begun to be seen. Stromal vascular fraction (SVF), which is used in the treatment of hair loss, is injected, which is obtained by removing fat cells from adipose tissue rich in mesenchymal stem cells, precursor fat cells, endothelial cells, hematopoietic cells, fibroblasts and pericytes, which are often taken from the belly area where fat removal is easier, by mini-liposuction. It is a cell cocktail with advanced healing and regeneration properties in the region.
SVF to be used for hair loss is often obtained from the umbilicus. First of all, the area to be treated is covered with sterile covers and the area is sterilized with special solutions. Then, local anesthesia is applied for the subcutaneous area and the procedure is comfortable. The adipose tissue is collected with the help of special cannulas, together with the mini-liposuction procedure. Generally, 10-20 cc of oil is taken depending on the process to be performed. The fat tissue removed is separated from the fat cells by passing through special sieves, and the cocktail part to be used in the treatment of hair loss remains SVF. The obtained SVF is injected into the problematic areas of the scalp at regular intervals. Our main goal in the treatment of hair loss is its effects that repair hair follicles and stimulate new hair follicle formation in the area where it is injected. The positive effects to be seen with the procedure begin within 2-3 weeks, but it may take 2-3 months to see the final results.
Since adipose tissue-derived stem cell therapy is a procedure performed with your own cells, it does not carry the risk of allergies. Since the procedure is performed sterile, infection is not an expected side effect. Temporary harmless small bruises may occur in the areas where fat is removed and injected and disappear completely in 1-2 weeks. Although stem cell therapy in hair loss can be applied safely in men and women, if your hair loss is long-term and requires a hair transplant, hair transplantation can be considered as an alternative treatment. However, if there is an organic cause of shedding, it is among the things that should be done to eliminate this cause.