Acne Treatment

What is Acne (Acne)?

Acne is actually a sebaceous gland disease. The secretions produced by the sebaceous glands cover the skin surface, prevent our skin from drying out, and protect our skin against infections. Each sebaceous gland opens into a hair follicle. These secretions secreted by the sebaceous gland reach the surface thanks to the hair. First, fat deposits, which we call closed and open comedones, form, and then inflamed pimples occur when acne-causing bacteria settle in these fat deposits.

Why Acne Occurs?

Acne is a genetically predisposed disease. Due to the characteristics coming from your family, the sebaceous glands are very sensitive to the hormones in your body, especially during adolescence. The sebaceous glands work hard and cause acne. Oily creams applied and make-up materials that do not allow air to breathe facilitate the formation of acne by closing the duct of the sebaceous glands, that is, the pores.

How Is Acne Treated?

Acne treatment is chosen according to the severity of the acne. If your acne is mild, cream treatments should be given alone. Because every drug has more or less side effects. There is no need to give antibiotic treatment in patients for whom cream treatment will be sufficient. If the ends of the sebaceous glands, which we call comedones, are clogged, peeling creams should be given. Antibiotic creams are added to the treatment in mild and moderate acne. Some creams that can be used to treat acne are:
erythromycin, clindamycin, tetracycline, benzoyl peroxide, retinoid, tretinoin, isotretinoin, adapalene

If the acne is deeply located and severe, it is necessary to use oral medication. Because deep-seated acne leaves scars. Even if the acne goes away, acne scars can be permanent. Severe acne should be treated promptly to prevent scarring. The most commonly used drugs for the treatment of acne are oral antibiotic therapy. Acne treatment is a long treatment, antibiotics should be used for 2-4 months depending on the response. Using antibiotics for such a long time may have side effects, antibiotics should only be used under the control of a dermatologist.

The most effective treatment in acne treatment is vitamin A (Isotretinoin) treatment. This drug is very effective in very acne, but has many side effects, so it is only given to patients with severe acne who do not respond to antibiotic therapy. The most common side effect is drying all over the body, especially the lips and nose. May elevate liver enzymes. For this reason, liver tests and blood lipids are routinely checked before and during treatment. Do not get pregnant while using drugs containing vitamin A.

Laser, gold needle, chemical peeling treatments can also be used together or separately from these treatments.

How is Acne Treatment Planned?

Acne treatment is arranged according to the severity and depth of the acne, in short, for you. If you have a disease that prevents you from using medication, only gold needle and chemical peeling treatments can be done without any medication. In very difficult acnes, both drug treatments and gold needle treatment can be started together. It should not be forgotten that no matter what treatment is done, acne treatment is a long treatment. The most important point in the treatment is to be compatible with the physician and to follow the recommendations given.

What Should Acne Skin Eat?

There is no relationship between diet and acne, so it is not the food we eat that makes our skin oily. It is seen that only the foods that we call high blood sugar and high glucose index exacerbate existing acne. For this reason, it is recommended not to consume too much chocolate, white bread, sugar, fast food foods, ready-made fruit juices, milk and dairy products.

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